Legislation and standards


Wind farms work in compliance with the legislative frameworks that depend on the coastal state in whose waters they are installed. All states apply regulation to activities on their EEZ within national and international law. Regulation is divided into two categories – land based legislation and marine legislation. The first one applies to offshore structures  temporarily or permanently fixed to the continental shelf. The second one is implemented into national regulations.

International Marine Organization developed many codes which provide equivalent arrangements for convention vessels of special design, construction or service. Please find below the most important acting codes:

  • International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft (HSC Code)
  • Code for the Construction and Equipment of Mobile Offshore Drilling Units (MODU Code)
  • Code of Safety for Special Purpose Ships (SPS Code)
  • Guidelines for the design and construction of Offshore Supply Vessels (OSV Guidelines)
  • Code of Safe Practice for the Carriage of Cargoes and Persons by Offshore Supply Vessels (OSV Code)
  • Recommendations for the Training and Certification of Personnel on Mobile Offshore Units (Recommendations for MOU training)

Another legislative framework relevant to the offshore wind industry is coastal state offshore regulations that are not governed by the international law but may be influenced by regional agreements of harmonization of industry practices. The competent authorities are responsible for licensing and consent of activities in the EEZ.

Denmark

danish_maritime_authority
Danish Maritime Authority is responsible for Flag State and Port State inspections as well as for wind farm site installations.
http://www.dma.dk/

 

 

 

danish_energy_agency_logo

 

Energistyrelsen or Danish Energy Agency is a competent authority for Coastal State inspections and wind farm site installations.
https://ens.dk/en

 

 

 

danish_working_environment_association

Arbejdstilsynet or Danish Working Environment Authority is responsible for safety regulation.
http://engelsk.arbejdstilsynet.dk/en/

 

United Kingdom

maritime_and_coastguard_agency

 

Maritime and Coastguard Agency is responsible for Flag State and Port State regulation.
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/maritime-and-coastguard-agency

 

 

 

decc


The Department for Energy & Climate Change (DECC)
is responsible for Coastal State regulation.
www.gov.uk/decc

 

 

marine_managment_organization


Marine Management Organization (MMO)
has some responsibilities in the area of Coastal State regulation in England and Wales.
www.marinemanagement.org.uk

 

 

 

scottish_government


Scottish Government
is responsible for Scottish offshore projects.
http://www.gov.scot/

 

 

health_and_safety_executive

 

 

 

Health and Safety Executive is a statutory body responsible for safety regulation in England, Scotland and Wales.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/

 

 

 

Germany

Berufsgenossenschaft für Transport und Verkehrswirtschaft or Professional Association for Transport and Transport Economics  is a competent authority for Flag State, Port State and safety regulation.

bg_verkehr

https://www.bg-verkehr.de/
http://www.deutsche-flagge.de/en/german-flag/flag-state/bg-verkehr-1

 

 

federal_maritime_and_hydrographic_agency

 

Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie or Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency is responsible for Coastal State and safety regulation.
http://www.bsh.de/de/index.jsp

 

 

 

federal_waterways_and_shipping_administration

 

Wasserstraßen und Schifffahrtsverwaltung des Bundes or Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration is responsible for Coastal State regulation.
https://www.wsv.de/

 

 

Netherlands

transport_and_water_management_inspectorateNetherlands Shipping Inspectorate is a competent authority for Flag State and Port State regulation.
https://www.ilent.nl/english/

 

 

 

directorate_general_for_public_works_and_water_management

 

 

Rijkswaterstaat or Directorate General for Public Works and Water Management is responsible for Coastal State regulation.
http://www.rijkswaterstaat.nl/

 

 

 

 

state_supervision_of_mines


Staatstoezicht op Minen or State Supervision of Mines 
is responsible for safety regulation.
http://www.sodm.nl/